What are the principles and elements of new public management? Principles of New public Management include EFFICIENCY, MARKET BASED, and EFFECTIVENESS, these are common features of this paradigm. Elements of new public management are the core ethos and ideologies which define this element in the field of administration and management. New public management and its common Elements of new public management, aim to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. New public management has not been a mare idea, but paradigm shift from the traditional methods of administration to market based orientation for government owned institutions.
Osborn, Christopher Hood and Gaebler, reputable founding fathers of New public management approach, emphasized on the need of reinvesting government structure’s in there book. Government institution had greatly focused on Bureaucratic features back in the days, hence been to slow and rigid to operate effectively.
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Government only emphasized on building formal organizations and managing of government through rules, hierarchy, recruitment of merit and division of labor. But new public management introduces advanced strategic management and reforms opposite from modern traditional methods of public administration. It has become evident especially on the importance of New public management (NPM) in the public service and how it helps transforming structures from tradition public administration. Organizations have significantly improved after implementing these principles of New public Management below.
Elements of New Public Managements
New public management has been just reforms but adjustments to the private sector. Proposes more flexibility of the way government organizations operate and execute there services. Despite been criticized for promoting profit based motive in public service, which its aim is to provide services to people and not make money operate based on these elements of new public management. 10 features of new public management in public administration
1.Administrators play role of managers
Management have a role at upper level of organization in new public management. Administrators work and perform duties of managers through out the organization. Not only do they carry out implementation and control but also ensuring desired results get archived. Management’s relationship with an organization, plays an important role in new public management and goals of the organization. Organizations realized, for things to work there is need for NPM because it introduces an important aspect of management, therefore improving quality of services and quick delivery.
2. Organizational Flexibility
New public management helps in Creating more flexibility and improves organizational dynamics. Elevates the arrangements and way of doing things within the organization by focusing on measuring results and outputs. Work gets measured through targets and results as opposed to people just been available for work.
3. Promotes Efficiency
New public management emphasizes on the need to promote efficiency in public services. This is to archive competitive advantage because government institutions now compete with the private sector. To foster this ideology, new public management practices common 3E’s economy which involves been familiar with the environment, efficiency and lastly effectiveness.
4. Market Based Approach
Government under new public management is advised to take on actions that form market-oriented models, in order to attain competitive advantage and improve efficiency. Public administration through the old traditional models has been to bureaucratic, but market based approach introduces complexity and flexibility in government.
According to new public management Government plays an important role in service delivery, therefore all the activities should be adequate and appropriate. People at lower level of management must be given an opportunity to strategize, implement and monitor policies until an expected goal gets archived through decentralizing role, duties and responsibilities of managers.
6. Result Oriented
New public management promotes result oriented methods and process by measuring outputs. Organization structures get divided to enhance productivity and introduction of contracts in the public sector to help foster quality and expected behavior from employees. Each individual becomes responsible for results, hence people work not towards archiving organizational goals but job responsibilities.
7. Measures Outputs
This theory of new public management transforms framework of organization to focus on outputs and not inputs. Organizations, tend to learn on how to improve through delivery, measure of outputs and customer feedback. Employees given duties, become responsible for ensuring implementation., improvement and monitoring.
New public management promotes responsiveness of any administration. Encourages managers to make sound decisions that should chnage internal and external processes of public administration. Organizations need to be more responsive to the needs that arise from social, economical, and other aspects of society including political and technological environment. Read on how Swot analysis can be implemented by modern organizations to evaluate its weakness and strength. In today’s economy its of great importance to evaluate corporate philosophy of environmental organizations.
9. Improves Bureaucracy
New public management approach improves Bureaucratic structure’s. Does not focus of bureaucratic process and culture but brings in aspects of efficiency, effectiveness and complexity to shift old culture of organizations to new modern methods.
10. Quality Service Delivery
Finally, New Public Management (NPM) been an improved scheme of public administration , which improves quality service delivery. Its an upgrade to the old methods, processes and structures which elevates ways of doing business for government institutions, public administration and management. Through comparisons made with reference to private sector, government organizations produce more improved products and services with the adoption of new public management (NPM)