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What is the Importance of Public Administration? Studying public administration helps students to become government workers in the future that oversee and work in government departments. Help by providing public service and private sector management, through private-public partnerships to effectively run organizations, implement efficiency and evaluate government policies, as further explained in this importance of public administration essay.
The main importance of Public Administration is to formulate policies through six generic functions of public administration including; Planning, organizing, staffing, developing, controlling, operating, reporting and budgeting, commonly called ‘POSDCORB’,
Public admin functions coined by Luther Gulick are widely used in management and public administration. They help administrators provide proper management, administration, policy evaluations, strategic management, organizational development, planning, and execution of organizational responsibilities.
Public administration was defined by Woodrow Wilson been a study that deals with implementation of public policies by the pubic servants. Its also an important academic discipline with many function types, and characteristics that deals with training and preparing students for working in public bureaucratic institutions need to know Importance of public administration essay.
10 Roles and importance of public administration
Scroll below to learn about What is the Importance of Public Administration and the Importance of public administration to students.
10 importance of public administration includes;
- 1. Implementing policies
- 2. Protecting People
- 3. Cost-Effective
- 4. Equal Distribution Of Resources
- 5. Government Budgeting
- 6. Helps to Measure Development
- 7. Leadership And Management
- 8. Resource provision
- 9. Determination of correct procedures
- 10. Politics Dichotomy
So what is the Importance of Studying Public Administration? According to Khan (2013), he defined major functions which fall under the scope of public administration as to why it’s important as an academic study. He defined the importance of public administration as human resources, human development, advocating for people’s rights, safety, security, and enhancing development through public-private sector partnerships. Woodrow Wilson stated public administration contributes to society, democracy, government sector administration, and policymaking. Hence why it has a lot of generic functions and is considered one of the most important forms of administration today, in developing, developed, and modern states.
1. Implementing policies
Public administration helps workers in government to effectively implement and monitor government policies. Through public administration, despite it being a mode of study, students are introduced to different management skills. Its a measure of effective policy implementation and provides a political dichotomy between the elected officials and public servants. Public administrators perform risk assessments on behalf of the government and mitigate risk on certain projects.
2. Protecting People
Public administration has been to be that which distinguishes, the private from the public. It does not involve profit-making, hence people from different parts of the economy. The rich, poor, and middle class benefit from free services, rendered from health, security, development, counseling, and management duties as explained by the importance of the public administration essay.
Passport issuance, driving license, and immigration task forces are run by the public sector in most countries. Hence these can be critical departments that need special care, and efficiency to give equal satisfaction to the general public.
3. Cost Effective
Before the implementation of government policies, one of the most important aspects is analyzing the cost and its effectiveness. Public administrators, uphold that responsibility. Through surveys and enquirers, administrators learn the basic needs. It’s different from public management, in terms of importance and how effective that’s going to serve the people.
Also Read: Characteristics of public administration
Compared to the private sector, most policies formulated, depend on profit-making, with less regard to the needs of people. one of the most Importance of Public Administration to take from this is that it reduces overspending and correlates cost with the needs of people.
4. Equal Distribution Of Resources
Another element of the Importance of Public Administration involves its ability to ensure through the implementation of policies, that there is equal access and distribution of resources to the people. Remember public administrators, serve the people and community.
Scholars have noted the Importance of Public Administration is a great decree, especially during disasters and wars, also in the case of an outbreak such as coronavirus. These things make it stand out compared to other fields such as economics, which only measure aggregate development based on factors such as income, GDP, and GNI.
5. Government Budgeting
The importance of Public Administration includes its retain ability to ensure money circulates through the public. Instead of going to the private sector for access to money, most institutions run by the government through the field of public administration have shown the Importance of Public Administration to be that of helping government have its own access to money.
For instance, most banks operating in most developing countries have been linked with the government through public-private partnerships, and both parties benefit.
6. Helps to Measure Development
Another Importance of Public Administration is that it acts as a measure of sustainable development. Helps government collect data on the needed requirements and problems people face on daily basis. In Africa, developing and other poor countries, a number of public institutions determine levels of development towards improving people’s lives.
Through public administration development and economic growth, policies, get circulated including to remote areas. It’s a reason most public institutions have been decentralized. These bureaucratic organizations have a vital role in delivering and measurement tool, that considers the response from the public which is then added to long and short term goals.
7. Leadership And Management
Leadership and management show the importance of Public Administration. Most public institutions have been transitioning from an old form of administration to public administration paradigm shift called public management (NPM). You can learn more (Importance of new public management). To conclude What is the importance of studying public Administration?
Leaders need to be administrators, hence it’s of great importance for Public Administration in improving the management skills and responsibilities of leaders, especially those holding public offices. Therefore due to its intertwined responsibilities between management and administration, Public administration introduces new ways of doing things in Management And Leadership. So combining leadership and management. Training employees, to be equipped with professional traits adopted from new public management.
8. Resource provision
Among the general functions of public administration, one that can not be ignored is the provision of resources and utilization. Public administrators help in the act of providing food, in case of hunger or famine to people in need, etc. They are in charge of preparations, forecasting, and planning towards provision beforehand to ensure necessities, get properly utilized.
9. Determination of correct procedures
Public administration is responsible for the Determination of proper processes and ensures positive exemplary behavior that does not promote nepotism, favoritism, violation of human rights, and discrimination. Determination of correct procedure occurs during goal attainment and delivery of services to reduce corruptive practices and bring behavior that helps to motivate good behavior to help society and government achieve its goals. That’s what the Importance of public administration essay is all about among other things.
10. Politics Dichotomy
President Woodrow Wilson improved the internal capabilities of government bureaucratic organizations. He’s regarded as the father of public administration for laying this strong importance of public administration, and its foundation which helped separate politics and administration. Noted administrators should not be confused with duties coming from politicians by proposing a theory known as, ‘politics dichotomy’.
Public administration is one of the biggest fields of study in the public sector that covers aspects of our lives. Hence most people seek to learn what is the importance of public administration. Due to this most sought question, we elaborate in this article on the top 30 Importance of Public Administration administration today, in society and democracy. The father of public administration, Woodrow Wilson defines public administration as the study that helps leaders to serve communities working in government and non-governmental institutions to effect positive change. Public administration comprises in its scope, different types, but consist of both management and human resource are part of its pillars. Administration professionals are equipped to manage with knowledge throughout the study on how to perform bureaucratic duties at all levels of government in an organization.
30 Importances of public administration
Public administration has been an effort that helps organizations attain goals in the pursuit of common public objectives by managing SOCIETY and public affairs. What is the Importance of Public Administration Here’s top 30 points showing why public administration is important
Here are 30 Importances of Public Administration (Answer)
1. Making government policies
2. Protecting people in society [Read]
3. Cost-effective analysis
4. Equal distribution of resources
5. Government budgeting
6. Helps to measure development
7. Leadership and management [Read]
8. Resource provision
9. Determination of correct procedures
10. Politics dichotomy
11. Infrastructure development
12. Social development [Read]
13. Public security
14. Local city council
15. Creation of a marketing plan
16. Enhances ethics in the public sector
17. Public sector efficiency [Read]
18. Acts as a Communication channel between politicians and people
19. Urban planning
20. Government forecasting
21. Public policymaking
22. Economic growth
23. Promoting public-private partnerships
24. Introduces new public management in the public sector [Read]
25. Maintaining legal frameworks
26. Allocation of public revenues
27. Creating development programs [Read]
28. Delivery of common objective
29. Taking development to rural areas
30. Maintaining government good governance [Read]
Meaning and Importance of Public Administration as a discipline (Summery)Public Administration newly emerged as an important discipline with great emphasis on administration management, compared with other studies in Social Science. Since then it has continued to play a major role in the affairs of bureaucracy, politics, social welfare, law and order, including the Administrative state.
Importance of public administration essay
Public administration is a state machinery tool that contributes massively to politics and matters of the state. To know more about the Importance of public administration essay (Read more about Public administration functions) to have more insight about the importance of Public Administration, which helps organizations to attain goals in the pursuit of providing common public services for society.
- Public administration(Woodrow Wilson)
- Courses in Public Administration(Diploma)
- Courses in Public Administration
- Types of Public administration
- Significance of public administration in Nigeria
- Functions of Public Administration
- Role of Public Administration in Democracy
- Elements of New Public Management
- Role of Human Resource Management
- Organization And Management