Meaning, nature and scope of public administration: What is the scope of public administration? Meaning of public administration is referenced from a Latin word ‘ministiare’, meaning to serve people and serve ‘Public, meaning public and people. Therefore public administration is an important discipline that involves process to execute the policy of government. Public administration comprises of human resource and management, process at work to ensure employees work collectively. Public interchangeably helps to form an administration process. Articles outline, an essential element of public administration operates in private, public institutions, social and political settings.
The primary focus been on managing operations, specifically on public bureaucracy by properly coordinating and controlling governmental systems and operations.
Public Administration as Subject
Importance of Public Administration as Subject: Public administration importance duties and role, includes expanding of welfare society, improving role of the government and acts as a machinery incase of an emergence. Expands coordination between the private and public sector. Public administration during policy formulation plays a regulatory role of government. Increase service delivery by improving efficiency, through adoption of new public management. Public administration, also helps with equal distribution of resources between the rich and poor.
Definition of Public Administration
Meaning and Definition of Public Administration: Public administration is an action and part of government which exists for purposes of administering policies and archiving of goals. Public administration is concerned with political values, and actions by a concerned group in an effort to improve public environments. Covers all three major branches of government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Goal’s of public administration, include defense provision, safeguarding of human rights, maintenance of law and order, others work in fire protection departments, provision of public health and education.
Focus of Public administration
Public administration focuses on Planning of organizational systems, Organizing responsibilities, and Directing of human resource to attain efficiency with less cost. Public administration is beyond other disciplines. it overlaps studies, including Business administration, sociology, political science, economics, and psychology. Public administration has been a study of practice for making law, policy formulation with interest to people.
Also provides sound policy recommendations before execution and is an effort which improves government branches, systems and their interrelationships. Making of policy plays important role in political processes. Not forgetting private administrations, by closely working with private groups providing public services through private partnerships to people and the community.
Public administration according to different scholars
Definition of public administration according to many different scholars provides essential information. This enables us to learn more about different aspects, importance of public administration and its scope in detail. which enables us to learn about many aspects it covers, importance in governance and its scope as an academic discipline. President Woodrow Wilson defined public administration been an important study and systematic application of law to ensure things work as expected.
According to Simon and Willoughby Public Administration consists of major activities performed by the executive branches of the government in the state, local governments and country. Public administration deals with process of maintaining the process and actual conduct of the central government and its affairs. Learn more on courses offered in public administration.
Characteristics of Public Administration
characteristics of public administration include that its an executive branch of government which is related with controlling and managing major activities of the country. Its includes making of policies, emerging aspirations, management of political public bureaucracy. Ensures fair recruitment, efficiency by promoting new public management. Other characteristic, is that public administrations, promotes good ethical standards among workers, prevents monopoly in the operations of government executive branches, which are naturally complex organizational entities.
Importance of Public Administration
Public administration is a basis of government that acts as an instrument to make and formulate policies, which includes laws and great for stabilizing society. Provides important needed services to people through structures and implements social change, fiscal improvements and economic development.
The scope of Public Administration (Summery)
Scope of Public Administration consists of important views and perspectives introduced by man named L.D. White, the traditional perspective of public administration by Gullick and scientific management by Frederick Taylor in 1980. Important types of public administration models, include classical public administration, post-modern public administration, Bureaucracy, and neo-classical public administration. Public administration scope, consist of three main important perspectives namely; POSDCORB perspective, Broad perspective and Prevailing view.
POSDCORB perspective: According to Luther Gullick the narrow perspective called POSDCORB view consists of important elements needed in enhancing the affairs of government organizations. Narrow perspective functions include;
- Reporting and
POSDCORB functions improve work executives and managers by separating duties from those of non-managerial and personnel controls. Six generic functions of public administration, coordinates activities within the organization to ensure everything is properly done with the highest esteem of professionalism through managerial techniques.
Broad perspective: Woodrow Wilson public Administration consists of three major branches of the government. Hence the scope of Public Administration today acts as a comparative structure part of politics, but advised to practice politics dichotomy.
Administrative theory: This theory deals with activities of an organizations, theory behavior, personal administration, applied administration, political functions and responsibilities. Finance control, planning, strategic formulation, educational procedures, social welfare, local administration and foreign policy.