Meaning, nature and scope of public administration and Scope of public administration in India: What is the scope of public administration? Meaning of public administration is referenced from a Latin word ‘ministiare’, meaning to serve people and serve ‘Public, including state. Paul H. Appleby who is the father of Indian Public Administration helped to coin important features of public administration and its importance. Paul H. Appleby perspectives has been of high value to administration, similar to modern concepts and principles scholar, named Woodrow Wilson is also considered as the Father of Public Administration made.
More work has been contributed to the scope of public administration in India by S. R. Maheshwari, Who was the first professor of public administration in India, by “Teaching of Public Administration in India” as an academic study.
Read: Types of public administration
History of public administration in India
Public administration has an ancient origins and beginnings everywhere in the world including India. It began with the Egyptians and Greeks before India, who utilized and planned structures through organized public affairs by office, and the principal officeholders were regarded as being principally responsible for administering justice, public administration was also used by Kings and monarchs for maintaining law and order, and providing plenty of resources.
Therefore public administration is an important discipline that involves process to execute the policy of government. Public administration comprises of human resource and management, process at work to ensure employees work collectively. Public interchangeably helps to form an administration process. Articles outline, an essential element of public administration operates in private, public institutions, social and political settings.
Definition of Public Administration
Meaning and Definition of Public Administration: Public administration is an action and part of government which exists for purposes of administering policies and archiving of goals. Public administration is concerned with political values, and actions by a concerned group in an effort to improve public environments. Scope of public administration in India covers all three major branches of government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Goal’s of public administration, include defense provision, safeguarding of human rights, maintenance of law and order, others work in fire protection departments, provision of public health and education.
Scope of Public Administration in India consists of important views and perspectives introduced by man named L.D. White, the traditional perspective of public administration by Gullick and scientific management by Frederick Taylor in 1980 who introduced scientific management. Important types of public administration models, include classical public administration, post-modern public administration, Bureaucracy, and neo-classical public administration. Public administration scope, consist of three main important perspectives namely; POSDCORB perspective, Broad perspective and Prevailing view.
POSDCORB perspective: According to Luther Gullick the narrow perspective called POSDCORB view consists of important elements needed in enhancing the affairs of government organizations. Narrow perspective functions include;
- Reporting and
POSDCORB functions improve work executives and managers by separating duties from those of non-managerial and personnel controls. Six generic functions of public administration, coordinates activities within the organization to ensure everything is properly done with the highest esteem of professionalism through managerial techniques.
Broad perspective: Woodrow Wilson public Administration consists of three major branches of the government. Hence the scope of Public Administration today acts as a comparative structure part of politics, but advised to practice politics dichotomy.
Administrative theory: This theory deals with activities of an organizations, theory behavior, personal administration, applied administration, political functions and responsibilities. Finance control, planning, strategic formulation, educational procedures, social welfare, local administration and foreign policy.