What is the main importance of environmental impact assessment (EIA)? In this article, let’s define first what the term environmental impact assessment means. Environmental impact assessment, abbreviated EIA is a process of measuring and evaluating the impact of any proposed project and development on the environment, including the benefits of environmental impact assessment. It’s done by taking into consideration the social, economic, cultural, and human-based health risks and benefits.
Benefits Of Environmental Impact Assessment
Environment impact assessments EIA has been an important systematic process in the field of environmental science and management. It helps practitioners, government, and industries, to measure environmental damage. Through EIA, environmental managers and practitioners are able to predict the negative and positive impacts on the environment. Another key importance of environmental impact assessment EIA is to analyze the environmental impact and protect species, micro-organisms, breeding areas, and their non-living environment.
Here’s The Importance of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
- Through environment impact assessments, project managers know which projects need full screening to prevent any damage to the environment.
- Helps to assess potential impacts relevant to the environmental legislation based on the legislative requirements.
- Identifies problems and helps through the mitigation process in advance to anticipate disasters likely to happen.
- Protects the biodiversity environment by suggesting alternative safe project designs and methods.
- Predicts the impact rate for proposed projects, this can be negative or positive.
- Highlights possible alternatives that are safer for the environment and methods with less impact.
- EIA produces an environmental management plan and summary for the non-tech general public.
- Helps stakeholders in the decision-making of whether to approve the project or not based on the findings after assessment.
- Predicts impact and proposes mitigation measures according to EMP.
- To identify, evaluate and predict the environmental, economic, and social impact of new development activities.
- Record and rate the impact levels on the environment by proposed projects.
- Provides information showing environmental consequences before decision making.
Answer: The importance of environmental impact assessment is to promote a safe environment, and sound, sustainable development, by measuring the environmental impact likely to be caused by projects. EIA shows impact levels on marine species, land, plants, animals, microorganisms, and non-living organisms. Finally, identify safer methods, and proposes appropriate alternative measures to be undertaken before decision making and implementation.
Benefits of environmental Impact Assessment pdf