Differences Between Accounting And Auditing PDF
Differences Between Accounting And Auditing PDF

This article will begin by defining accounting and briefly discussing what accounting is and the role of accountants, then explain the Differences Between Accounting And Auditing. Thereafter, it will turn attention to auditing and equally discuss a bit what auditing is before moving to looking at what are the differences between accounting and auditing with regards to the two.

Differences Between Accounting And Auditing

Accounting: What does it mean?

Accounting is the continuous recording of a company’s assets and liabilities. It is the responsibility of an accountant to analyze financial data, advise on fiscal matters and create different financial models based on changing circumstances showing differences between accounting and auditing. They also have to conduct financial transactions in accordance with financial regulations, laws, and rules. The following are some of the tasks that an accountant may be responsible for:

Analyzing expenses

Creating financial statements

Compliance with tax laws and other regulations

Tax returns filing

Forecasting the outcomes of fiscal decisions

Advice on managing finances

Keep abreast of the latest tax laws and procedures to stay current

We suggest ways to save money

Accountants can provide reports on a business, such as:

Costs of running a business: Monthly, quarterly, and annual

Statements on Profit and Loss

The comparative ratio of a company’s total sales to profit and loss

Comparison of cost savings at the monthly, quarterly, and annual levels

Current active employees

Profit margins

Growth of companies over time

Market share total of the company

Accounting work is usually done by an organization’s employees. Accounting work is done almost constantly. It can be divided into several branches, such as cost accounting, differences between accounting and auditing, management accounting, and financial accounting.

What is auditing?

The audit is the independent examination and checking of financial records and financial statements of an organization in order to provide an impartial opinion about their integrity and accuracy. Audit now covers all areas of operation and non-financial matters. management audit, risk audit, performance audit, etc.

There are two major types of audit: Internal Audit and External Audit. There are two main types of audit: Internal Audit and External Audit.

Internal Audit

Internal audit is the critical review of financial statements and records by employees of an organization or business. These employees are known as internal auditors, and they are appointed by the organization’s management. Management, and in particular the audit committee, determine the scope of work.

Internal Audit is not a mandatory function. It is almost always carried out. An internal audit is a critical review of non-financial or operational aspects of an organization. This includes IT audit, management audit, and performance audit.

Differences between accounting and auditing

The following are some examples:


Accounting involves keeping financial records and preparing financial statements. However, auditing is the critical inspection of financial statements in order to provide an opinion about their fairness.


Accounting is done on a continuous basis, with daily recording and recording of financial transactions. Auditing, on the other hand, is a periodic process. It requires preparing the final financial statements and accounts.


Accounting usually begins where book-keeping ends, while auditing always begins where accounting ends.


Accounting focuses mainly on current financial transactions and activities, while auditing focuses on past financial statements.


Accounting includes all transactions, records, and statements with financial implications. Auditing is primarily concerned with final financial statements.


Accounting is extremely detailed and captures every detail related to financial transaction records statements. Auditing, however, uses financial statements records and samples.

Types of checking

Accounting is the process of verifying and checking all financial records. Auditing is completed through sample or test checking.


Accounting’s primary goal is to accurately record all financial transactions and present them in a timely manner. Auditing, on the other hand, is about verifying the reliability and accuracy of financial statements and assessing the differences between accounting and auditing, and whether they provide an accurate picture of the entity’s financial situation.


Accounting’s objective is to establish the financial position, profitability, and performance of the company. Auditing’s objective is to increase the credibility of financial statements and reports indicating differences between accounting and auditing.


All organizations need accounting in their day-to-day or routine operations. Auditing is not a required daily task. Hence, it is important to know the differences between accounting and auditing.