Business Administration vs Public Administration (Similarities and Differences)

Most people don’t really know the difference between what involves public administration and business administration. The two phenomena have a lot in common such that to a layman they could be mistaken for the same field or one could be perceived as an offshoot of the other. This makes interacting with the differences and similarities of the subjects. This article will try as much as possible to illuminate the Difference between public administration and business administration and what likens them.

Business Administration vs Public Administration

Here’s the Difference between public administration and business administration, also similarities between public administrations and business administration, helping you identify and explain differences and similarities..

Difference between public administration and business administration

1. Governance

By virtue of the fact that Public administrators today play and pay more attention to the delivery of quality services for the people, it is governed by public law while business operating administration is regulated by private, mercantile law. Business decisions are made by business owners applying both of these courses and they are accountable to the merchantable law which expects them to operate under curtains guidelines through different types of public administration. That’s one major difference between public administration and businesses with administration

2. Objectives

The objective of public administration is different from businesses that only need administration; public administration embarks on non-economic, socio-political objective, while the businesses administration embarks on economic objectives and is most especially interested in profit making. The main reason for this is that business administration focuses on productivity for the profitability of a particular business. With public service, the objective is quality service delivery at the lowest cost using state resources.

3. Policy

Policies that help meet the goals of the two are different. Public administration implements public policies because of who they serve. On the other end, business administration implements private policies and ministers to private corporate interests. It

4. Source of funding

Public administration survives on the public’s money through taxes and information about the administration of those funds and resources should be accessible to anyone who needs it. This makes public administrators accountable to the public. In contrast, business administration relied on private funding i.e. shares, stocks, bonds, and bank loans, and it’s only accountable to its financiers.

5. Growth

Public administration pursues non-quantifiable objectives such as law and order, political stability, and national prosperity. It is impossible to measure its efficiency. While in business administration, the height of profitability of a business enterprise can be measured.

6. Channels of operation

Differences in the ultimate goal of each of the two make their methods of operation different. Public administration is also excessively bureaucratic and devotes a lot of time and effort to keep records. While business administration focuses on the essence of time and profitability.

7.  Flexibility

People never agree on the same thing all the time and this makes the work of public administration more cumbersome than business administration. Because of the existence of many alternative views, the external socio-political environment exerts greater pressure on public administration than it does on business administration. That’s another difference between public administration and business administration

8. Conduct

In public administration, morals and ethics (e.g. self-discipline, probity in office, acknowledgment of individual rights and liberties) are of prime concern whereas they are only incidental to businesses operating through administration.

9. Theory

The theory in public administration is different from the theory in business administration, which then, makes the career in both fields different.

In view of the fact that the ends, strategies, tactics, and the environment of public administration are different from those of public administration, the conceptual or theoretical frameworks considered applicable in both sectors are different.

Having looked at the differences between the two phenomena it is easy to separate them and move towards an establishment of their similarities.

Relationship between public administration and business administration

1. Interests

Both types of administration are interested in matters of economic as well as socio-political, although the degree of interest will vary depending on circumstances. The concern with the problems posed by environmental pollution in particular is tempering the ruthless driver for profits.

2. Objectives

Contrary to popular belief, a significant number of objectives pursued by public administration can be qualified; this is the whole essence of the efforts scholars make to distinguish facts from the value in public administration.

3. Policy

There is no doubt that public administration implements public policies, but we must bear in mind that these include private, and corporate policies. If for instance, the collapse of some enterprises triggers mass unemployment, the government cannot afford to dismiss this as private affairs.

4. Regulation

Public administration may find itself being regulated not just by public law, but also by private, mercantile law (the enactment on hours of work, employment of women, factory conditions, minimum wages, etc.) apply as much to the public sector as they do the private sector.

5. Resources

Employees in both public and business administrators need to marshal human and material resources to achieve objectives. At times two may find themselves in competition for the same technologies and the same clientele.

6.  Public interaction

Since it takes place within a dynamic socio-political environment, business administration cannot pretend to have anything to do with the issue of moral and ethical confronting society.

7. Operation

As a process, business administration takes place with a formal (bureaucratic) organization. If administrators in both sectors are to avoid the wrong of excessive bureaucratization, they will have to make conscious efforts and apply innovative managerial techniques.

When selecting a program and mode of study, most students are faced with a major challenge of distinguishing between programs. The most commonly asked question been to deal with public administration vs business administration. After noticing difference between public administration and management. Most of the time these programs, sound and cross paths but are not the same. Public administration proven to be an important academic discipline and profession. An administrator executes duties involving business. And business administration having some fundamental concepts adopted from public administration.

Differentiating Public Administration vs Business Administration

These are the key differences of public administration vs business administration. We begin by analyzing important points that clearly distinguish the filed and study of public administration from business administration.

Public Administration

Public administration deals with the central government, implantation and monitoring of public policies. Public administrators in charge of implementing policies and work in government structure and NGO’s. The most important point to note, is that administrators serve the public interest.

Public administration consists of people working in different positioned of government. Departmental, agencies and wide range of organizations, especially none-profit making providing different services. Roles of public administration includes, tax collection, meal allowances to students, allocation of pensions funds, providing aid to less privileged people in society, administering health treatment and care, etc.

Public administrators perform roles and take up responsibilities of human resource managers if need rises. Help in employee appraisal, recruit and introduction of policies internally to boost the performance and mitigate risks. They establish relationships between management and the employees to create a safe and convenience working environment.

Public administrators plan projects and come up with working schedule for members of stuff. They work in different sectors provides services to people, from schools, universities, government owned banks, NGO’s, and other major institutions.

Business Administration

Duties And Responsibilities Public Administration Vs Business Administration

Public Administration Business Administration
Criminal Justice and Public Safety
Fiscal Management.
International Development and Influence
Local Government leadership and control
Public Works and Sustainability
Public policy implementation and analysis
Organizational improvement and growth, planning
directing of responsibilities.

Both fields and especially when considering what to search for between Public Administration Vs Business Administration. Its notable core concepts of these programs have been adopted from different fields of study and areas in social science, business, accounts and administration, including human resources management.

Courses Public Administration Vs Business Administration

Business AdministrationPublic Administration
Political science
Administrative law
Constitutional Law
Public Policy
Public Finance
Organization Theories
Organizational Development
Career Comparison Between public administration and business administration

Public administration:

  • Business Administration Executives
  • Public Administration Executives
  • Management Analyst
  • Social workers
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