what are the characteristics of bureaucracies
what are the characteristics of bureaucracies

What are the characteristics of bureaucracies? First of all let’s understand what the terminology ‘Bureaucracy‘, really means; According to Germany socialist and founder of  bureaucracy Max Webber, He came up with this term to define large administrative well structured organizations, dealing in businesses and concerned with executing government duties through administration and management. Bureaucratic principles outlined in most articles, have helped these bureaucracy organizations, to properly carry out duties at national, state, and even local level of society.

What are the characteristics of bureaucracies? Find answers below to top six key characteristics to bureaucracy, definition and structure outlined below, which explains main characteristics of bureaucracies. Here’s six characteristics of bureaucracy by Max Weber


Hierarchy is a type of system that shows arrangements or departments from above and below. These can also be at the same level, giving or receiving instructions. Hierarchy allows for employees to understand and follow the chain of command from top to bottom.

Serves as an important decision, making point with reference to who has more legitimate authority. Managers and administrators need hierarchy in order to effectively carry out there duties. Another important reason companies need hierarchy is that it helps managers to hold employees accountable.

2. Job Specialization

Job specialization defined as a process and knowledge employees gain through education, training and experience to enable them become professionals at on particular job. Job specialization is important in an organization because it provides skilled workers who are able to fulfil there daily activities.

3. Division of Labor

Division of labor is important and essential for economic progress. Promotes efficiency and effectiveness in an organization and reduces total cost of products due to its element of specialization. Each employee has a specific task and target hence enhancing productivity, promotes efficiency by dividing separate tasks and responsibilities.

4. Procedures 

Procedures are important to any organization and its processes. Procedures can be in form of policies and together provide direction for daily operations. In United states, bureaucrats help senate in policy making, reforms and monitoring. Procedures enhance good conduct in an organization, regulate employee performance, provide for terms of service and improve decision making, while boosting internal processes.

Organizational and work place procedures outline key specific required action plans among employees. Workplace procedures and policies are very important for informing employees process on how to handle certain issues and compliance measures.

5. Recruitment on merit

The recruitment on merit process been consistently applied in an organization increases professionalism. Its a notion which promotes fairness, brings about diversity, and demands for integrity among managers in there duties.

Recruitment based on merit means decisions to employ and selection must be solely based on qualification criteria. This produces a good system more efficient, human resource managers in executing there respective roles, must advocate for reduced biasness through effective process, fairness, and an open structure with dedicated employees.

6. Fairness

Bureaucracy brings about exemplary impartial and just treatment among employees. Through bureaucracy, people’s behavior and conduct is regulated without favoritism. TODAY on what are the characteristics of bureaucracies, fairness among bureaucratic process is important because it reduces discrimination by treating each individual in a similar manner. Same rules and punishment applies to everyone, despite there position and status.

Characteristics of Bureaucracies (YouTube Video)

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