5 Stages of the policy making process

Policy is an essential part of every human being existing on this planet. Day-in-day-out policies are formulated, relinquished, replaced, revised among other things. Under...

Policy Making Process

The world today is governed by policy and everyone’s life is regulated accordingly. Kingdoms evolved into states and countries under modern governments. These governments...

The 4 Types Of Policy

We have looked at and exhausted the aspect of policy, from the process of its formulation. We even undressed the matter from the top...

Types Of Bureaucracy

Easily defined, the term bureaucracy refers to an entity that has intricately layered systems such that there is a long protocol as far as...

The 4 Ps of Marketing

Marketing plays a critical role in the success of any business. It is, without doubt, that every business entity is either selling goods or...

Unfreezing changing and refreezing process

Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze, was a model of change management proposed by Kurt Lewin. This is a model of Change Management, important for managing change...

Characteristics of public administration

This article discusses characteristics of public administration adopted from principles of public administration. These are applied to positively advance public sector education, transportation in...

Matrix organizational structure

Matrix organizational structure advantages and disadvantages: What is called matrix organization? The matrix organizational structure is a concept that emerged in the 1960s. This...

Importance of industrial relations

IMPORTANCE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS Advantages of industrial relations: Since time immemorial, Industrial relations has being one of the most delicate and complex problems of...

Driving forces of change in an organization

Organizational change is the transformation or adjustment to the way an organization functions. Driving forces of change in an organization provide order to increase...